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falling fruit – Mapping the urban harvest!

Falling Fruit is built on public data and the generosity of urban foragers willing to share their finds with others. We want urban food sources to reach as many people as possible, and we believe that everyone should have equal access to the fruits of our collective labor. In the spirit of open data, behold! The entire database:

data.csv.bz2 (16 MB)
last updated 2014-09-25 07:52:29 UTC

But beware. Once uncompressed, the data becomes a huge file that causes most spreadsheet software to implode. Only those interested in manipulating the data in it\'s entirety need to go this route. For most, a better alternative is to selectively retrieve points of interest using the download tool integrated into the map.

If you are interested in using the data in your own project, especially for commercial applications, we suggest you contact us (info@fallingfruit.org). When not otherwise specified, data is licensed under a Creative Commons (Attribution, Non-commercial, Share-alike) license. This means that you are free to use and distribute the data so long as you preserve the original author/source attribution and do not use it (without permission) for commercial applications. The source code for Falling Fruit is also open. More details on that can be found on our github repository.

It should go without saying that we take no responsibility for the accuracy of the data - it is provided as is, caveat emptor. If you do something cool with the data, please let us know!

Summary of sources

The database currently contains 776 different types of edibles (most, but not all, are plant species) distributed over 609,033 locations. For each type, the following table lists English common name(s), scientific name(s), links to outside references, and total count.


Common name Scientific name Links Count
Açaí palm (Assai palm) Euterpe oleracea 2
Acerola (Barbados cherry, West Indian cherry) Malpighia emarginata 1
Agarita (Algerita) Mahonia trifoliolata 3
Agave Agave 3
Aleppo pine Pinus halepensis 2
Alexanders (Horse parsley) Smyrnium olusatrum 4
Allegheny serviceberry Amelanchier laevis 668
Almond Prunus amygdalus (Prunus dulcis, Amygdalus communis, Amygdalus dulcis) 463
Aloe Aloe 2
Aloe vera Aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis, Aloe indica, Aloe vulgaris) 6
American beech Fagus grandifolia 7
American chestnut Castanea dentata 34
American cranberrybush (Highbush cranberry) Viburnum trilobum 4
American elm Ulmus americana 600
American holly Ilex opaca 2
American linden Tilia americana 142
American lotus Nelumbo lutea 4
American persimmon Diospyros virginiana 159
American plum (Wild plum) Prunus americana 218
Amur chokecherry Prunus maackii 1
Anacua Ehretia anacua 44
Apple Malus domestica (Malus pumila) 6395
Apple serviceberry Amelanchier x grandiflora 1555
Apricot Prunus armeniaca 388
Aratilis (Jamaican cherry) Muntingia calabura 1
Araucaria species Araucaria 3
Arizona black walnut Juglans major 1
Arnold hawthorn Crataegus arnoldiana 85
Arrowhead Sagittaria 1
Ashe juniper Juniperus ashei 1429
Asian pear Pyrus pyrifolia 88
Asparagus Asparagus officinalis 18
Autumn-olive Elaeagnus umbellata 18
Avocado Persea americana 290
Azarole hawthorn Crataegus azarolus 1
Babylon willow Salix babylonica 38
Bamboo 19
Bamboo (Bambusa) Bambusa 1
Banana Musa 103
Barberry Berberis 1
Basil Ocimum 9
Bastard oak Quercus sinuata 6
Bay laurel Laurus nobilis 753
Beach plum Prunus maritima 6
Beaked hazel Corylus cornuta 4
Beautyberry Callicarpa 13
Beech Fagus 18
Beehive 3
Beet Beta vulgaris 2
Bell pepper Capsicum annuum 5
Berry 15
Bigtooth maple Acer grandidentatum 30
Birch Betula 14
Birch bolete Leccinum scabrum 1
Bitternut hickory Carya cordiformis 13
Bitter orange (Sour orange) Citrus x aurantium 15
Blackberry Rubus 749
Black cherry Prunus serotina 1784
Black chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa (Photinia melanocarpa) 3
Blackcurrant Ribes nigrum 8
Black elderberry Sambucus nigra 49
Black-eyed pea Vigna unguiculata subsp. unguiculata 1
Blackhaw (Black haw) Viburnum prunifolium 3
Black hawthorn Crataegus douglasii 160
Blackjack oak Quercus marilandica 17
Black locust Robinia pseudoacacia 8704
Black maple Acer nigrum 1135
Black morel Morchella 1
Black mulberry Morus nigra 203
Black mustard Brassica nigra 3
Black poplar (Lombardy poplar) Populus nigra 1
Black raspberry Rubus 62
Black sage Salvia mellifera 1
Blackthorn (Sloe) Prunus spinosa 76
Black tupelo Nyssa sylvatica 3466
Black walnut Juglans nigra 3472
Black willow Salix nigra 76
Blueberry Vaccinium 116
Blue elderberry Sambucus cerulea (Sambucus caerulea, Sambucus neomexicana) 21
Blue quandong Elaeocarpus angustifolius (Elaeocarpus grandis) 1
Boab Adansonia gregorii 3
Bok choy Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis 1
Bolete Boletus 2
Borage Borago officinalis 2
Box elder Acer negundo 225
Boysenberry Rubus ursinus × idaeus 1
Bracken fern Pteridium 2
Brazilian pepper Schinus terebinthifolius 5570
Breadfruit Artocarpus altilis 72
Broadleaf arrowhead Sagittaria latifolia 1
Broccoli Brassica oleracea var. italica 3
Broussonetia Broussonetia 109
Brussels sprout Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera 3
Buddha's hand (Fingered citron) Citrus medica var. sarcodactyli 2
Bunya pine Araucaria bidwillii 10
Burdock Arctium 9
Buriti (Moriche palm) Mauritia flexuosa 1
Bur oak Quercus macrocarpa 4714
Butia palm Butia 9
Butternut Juglans cinerea 186
Cabbage tree Cordyline australis 393
Cactus 1
Calamondin Citrofortunella microcarpa (Citrus microcarpa) 6
Calendula Calendula 1
California juniper Juniperus californica 24
California laurel Umbellularia californica 351
California nutmeg Torreya californica 3
Callery pear Pyrus calleryana 109
Camellia Camellia 9
Campsite 2
Canada plum Prunus nigra 7
Canadian serviceberry Amelanchier canadensis 4982
Cannabis (Marijuana) Cannabis 2
Cape chestnut Calodendrum capense 92
Carissa Carissa 2
Carob Ceratonia siliqua 1927
Carolina buckthorn Rhamnus caroliniana 43
Carolina cherry laurel Prunus caroliniana 11
Cashew Anacardium occidentale 1
Cassava (Yuca) Manihot esculenta 2
Catalina cherry Prunus ilicifolia subsp. lyonii 3
Catalpa Catalpa 6
Catnip Nepeta cataria 6
Cattail Typha 34
Cedar elm Ulmus crassifolia 4016
Chamomile 5
Chañar (Chilean palo verde) Geoffroea decorticans 1
Chanterelle Cantharellus 7
Chard (Swiss chard) Beta vulgaris subsp. cicla 6
Chaste tree Vitex agnus-castus 176
Chaya Cnidoscolus aconitifolius 2
Chayote Sechium edule 12
Cherimoya (Chirimoya) Annona cherimola 2
Cherry Prunus 6098
Cherry laurel Prunus laurocerasus 2
Cherry plum Prunus cerasifera (Prunus pissardii) 34292
Chestnut Castanea 144
Chestnut oak Quercus prinus 143
Chickasaw plum (Sandhill plum, Sand plum) Prunus angustifolia 7
Chicken-of-the-woods (Sulphur shelf mushroom) Laetiporus sulphureus 4
Chili pepper Capsicum 15
Chinese angelica tree Aralia chinensis 1
Chinese chestnut Castanea mollissima 57
Chinese elm Ulmus parvifolia 41
Chinese hackberry Celtis sinensis 2
Chinese hawthorn Crataegus pinnatifida 1
Chinese holly Ilex cornuta 6
Chinese quince Pseudocydonia sinensis 2
Chinese tallow tree Triadica sebifera (Sapium sebiferum) 229
Chinese toon Toona sinensis 2
Chinkapin oak Quercus muehlenbergii 691
Chives Allium schoenoprasum 6
Chocolate persimmon (Black sapote, Chocolate pudding fruit) Diospyros digyna 1
Chokeberry Aronia (Photinia) 7
Chokecherry Prunus virginiana 17745
Chusan palm Trachycarpus fortunei 4
Cider gum Eucalyptus gunnii 5
Citrus Citrus 1185
Cleavers (Goosegrass, Sticky willie) Galium aparine 7
Cloudberry Rubus chamaemorus 1
Cloud ear fungus (Wood ear fungus) Auricularia polytricha (Hirneola polytricha) 1
Clover (Trefoil) Trifolium 1
Coast live oak Quercus agrifolia 2
Coconut palm Cocos nucifera 33
Cocoplum (Paradise plum) Chrysobalanus icaco 2
Colorado pinyon Pinus edulis 79
Comfrey Symphytum 7
Common bilberry (Common whortleberry) Vaccinium myrtillus 5
Common chickweed Stellaria media 6
Common chicory Cichorium intybus 3
Common date palm Phoenix dactylifera 1785
Common fig Ficus carica 526
Common grape (Wine grape) Vitis vinifera 5
Common guava (Apple guava) Psidium guajava 10
Common hackberry Celtis occidentalis 20684
Common hawthorn Crataegus monogyna 1157
Common hazel Corylus avellana 93
Common horse-chestnut Aesculus hippocastanum 10
Common juniper Juniperus communis 23
Common mango Mangifera indica 98
Common medlar Mespilus germanica 22
Common myrtle Myrtus communis 21
Common plantain (Broadleaf plantain, Greater plantain) Plantago major 2
Common purslane Portulaca oleracea 3
Common salsify (Purple salsify, Goatsbeard) Tragopogon porrifolius 2
Common sea-buckthorn Hippophae rhamnoides 4
Common sorrel Rumex acetosa 16
Common tansy Tanacetum vulgare 2
Common whitebeam Sorbus aria 469
Common yarrow (White yarrow) Achillea millefolium 13
Community garden 135
Community nursery 4
Compost 2
Concord grape Vitis labrusca 'Concord' 4
Conkerberry (Bush plum) Carissa spinarum 1
Coolibah Eucalyptus microtheca 1
Corchorus Corchorus 1
Cork oak Quercus suber 1
Corkscrew willow Salix matsudana 3
Corn (Maize) Zea mays 6
Cornelian cherry dogwood Cornus mas 416
Coulter pine Pinus coulteri 18
Cow parsley (Wild chervil) Anthriscus sylvestris 2
Crabapple Malus 22213
Cranberry Vaccinium 3
Crayfish (Crawfish, Crawdad) 4
Crimean linden Tilia euchlora 1
Cupuaçu Theobroma grandiflorum 1
Curly dock (Yellow dock) Rumex crispus 3
Currant Ribes 25
Curry tree Murraya koenigii 2
Curve-leaf yucca Yucca recurvifolia (Yucca gloriosa tristis, Yucca gloriosa recurvifolia) 2
Cut-leaf crabapple Malus transitoria 125
Daisy 1
Damson plum Prunus domestica var. insititia (Prunus insititia) 13
Dandelion Taraxacum 15
Darrow's blueberry (Southern highbush blueberry) Vaccinium darrowii 1
Date-plum Diospyros lotus 4
Daylily Hemerocallis 7
Deadnettle Lamium 3
Desert fan palm Washingtonia filifera (Washingtonia filamentosa, Brahea filifera) 8274
Desert quandong Santalum acuminatum 1
Devil's walkingstick Aralia spinosa 9
Dewberry Rubus 21
Dill Anethum graveolens 5
Disc mayweed (Pineappleweed) Matricaria discoidea 1
Dock Rumex 2
Dog rose Rosa canina 20
Dogwood Cornus 187
Downy hawthorn Crataegus mollis 50
Downy serviceberry Amelanchier arborea 392
Drinking fountain 25
Dumpster 2098
Dumpster non-edible 232
Durian Durio 1
Dwarf chestnut Castanea pumila 2
Dwarf fan palm Chamaerops humilis 54
Eastern gray squirrel Sciurus carolinensis 2
Eastern redbud Cercis canadensis 6787
Eastern red-cedar Juniperus virginiana 1811
Eastern white pine Pinus strobus 5936
Echinacea Echinacea 4
Eggplant (Aubergine) Solanum melongena 2
Elderberry Sambucus 192
Elm Ulmus 2
Emory oak Quercus emoryi 1
Endive Cichorium 2
English lavender (Common lavender, True lavender) Lavandula angustifolia (Lavandula officinalis) 1
English oak Quercus robur 5368
English plantain (Ribwort plantain, Narrowleaf plantain) Plantago lanceolata 3
Epazote (Mexican tea) Dysphania ambrosioides 1
Eucalyptus Eucalyptus 9
European beech Fagus sylvatica 3030
European bird cherry Prunus padus 298
European crabapple Malus sylvestris 76
European linden Tilia x europaea 719
European pear Pyrus communis 468
European plum Prunus domestica 776
European rowan Sorbus aucuparia 4787
European wild pear Pyrus pyraster (Pyrus communis subsp. pyraster) 3
Evening primrose Oenothera 5
Evergreen sumac Rhus virens 83
Fava bean Vicia faba 1
Faxon yucca Yucca faxoniana (Yucca torreyi) 142
Feijoa (Pineapple guava, Guavasteen) Acca sellowiana (Feijoa sellowiana) 164
Fennel Foeniculum vulgare 49
Fern 3
Feverfew (Bachelor's buttons) Tanacetum parthenium 1
Field mushroom (Meadow mushroom) Agaricus campestris 2
Fig Ficus 561
Filbert Corylus maxima 17
Firethorn Pyracantha 5
Fish 9
Flax lily Dianella 1
Florida maple Acer floridanum (Acer barbatum) 9
Forest garden 13
Forest num-num Carissa bispinosa 1
Fox grape Vitis labrusca 8
Fragrant sumac Rhus aromatica 1
Free box 24
Freegan 11
Free market 9
Free market non-edible 1
Free store 34
Fruit 9
Fruit salad plant (Ceriman) Monstera deliciosa 2
Fruit tree 1083
Fuji cherry Prunus incisa 1
Garden parsley Petroselinum crispum 12
Garlic Allium sativum 12
Garlic chives (Chinese chives) Allium tuberosum 1
Garlic mustard (Jack-by-the-hedge) Alliaria petiolata 13
Gasplant (Burning bush) Dictamnus albus (Dictamnus fraxinella) 1
Giant puffball Calvatia gigantea 3
Ginger (Garden ginger) Zingiber officinale 1
Ginkgo Ginkgo biloba 34641
Globe artichoke Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus 11
Goji Lycium 2
Goldenball leadtree Leucaena retusa 46
Golden currant Ribes aureum 5
Golden rain tree Koelreuteria paniculata 9
Golden yarrow (Yellow yarrow) Eriophyllum confertiflorum 1
Gooseberry Ribes uva-crispa 24
Gorse (Furze, Whin) Ulex 2
Goutweed (Bishop's goutweed, Ground elder) Aegopodium podagraria 1
Governor's plum (Ramontchi) Flacourtia indica 1
Grand rapids hawthorn Crataegus ambitiosa 109
Grape Vitis 247
Grapefruit Citrus paradisi 111
Gray pine Pinus sabiniana 2
Green bean Phaseolus vulgaris 5
Greengage plum Prunus domestica subsp. italica var. claudiana 5
Ground elder (Goutweed) Aegopodium podagraria 4
Ground ivy Glechoma hederacea (Nepeta glechoma, Nepeta hederacea) 5
Growing space 1
Guadalupe palm Brahea edulis 396
Guava Psidium 63
Guelder rose Viburnum opulus 2
Guerilla garden 5
Guinep (Mamoncillo, Spanish lime) Melicoccus bijugatus (Melicocca bijuga, Melicocca carpopodea) 1
Gum bully Sideroxylon lanuginosum 112
Gumweed Grindelia 3
Hackberry Celtis 5683
Hairy bittercress Cardamine hirsuta 1
Haskap (Blue-berried honeysuckle, Sweetberry honeysuckle) Lonicera caerulea 1
Hawthorn (May-tree, Whitethorn, Thornapple) Crataegus 6500
Hazel (Cobnut) Corylus 359
Hedge mustard Sisymbrium officinale 1
Henbit Lamium amplexicaule 1
Hen-of-the-woods (Maitake, Sheep's head, Ram's head) Grifola frondosa (Polyporus frondosus) 1
Herb 42
Hickory Carya 408
Higan cherry Prunus subhirtella 76
Highway ice plant (Hottentot fig) Carpobrotus edulis 1
Hog plum Prunus umbellata 1
Holly Ilex 1
Hollyleaf cherry Prunus ilicifolia 131
Holm oak Quercus ilex (Quercus rotundifolia, Quercus ballota) 1669
Honey locust Gleditsia triacanthos 97101
Honey mesquite Prosopis glandulosa 346
Honeysuckle Lonicera 6
Hop Humulus lupulus 26
Horse mushroom Agaricus arvensis 1
Horseradish Armoracia rusticana (Cochlearia armoracia) 3
Huckleberry 22
Hygrophorus milky Lactarius hygrophoroides 2
Illawarra flame tree Brachychiton acerifolius 16
Indian plum (Osoberry) Oemleria cerasiformis 4
Jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus 10
Jambul (Jamun, Java plum) Syzygium cumini 7
Japanese angelica tree Aralia elata 6
Japanese apricot Prunus mume 3
Japanese camellia Camellia japonica 12
Japanese chestnut Castanea crenata 1
Japanese flowering crabapple Malus floribunda 1609
Japanese knotweed Fallopia japonica 4
Japanese persimmon Diospyros kaki 85
Japanese plum Prunus salicina 251
Japanese quince Chaenomeles japonica 6
Japanese red pine Pinus densiflora 2
Japanese walnut Juglans ailantifolia 5
Japanese white pine Pinus parviflora 19
Jeffrey pine Pinus jeffreyi 3
Jelly ear fungus (Wood ear fungus) Auricularia auricula-judae 2
Jelly palm (Wine palm, Pindo palm) Butia capitata (Butia odorata) 10
Jerusalem artichoke Helianthus tuberosus 5
Jostaberry Ribes × nidigrolaria 2
Judas tree Cercis siliquastrum 3
Jujube Ziziphus jujuba 14
Juniper Juniperus 656
Kaffir lime Citrus hystrix 1
Kaffir plum Harpephyllum caffrum 721
Kale Brassica oleracea var. acephala 14
Karaka Corynocarpus laevigatus 1
Kei apple (Umkokola) Dovyalis caffra 1
Kentucky coffeetree Gymnocladus dioicus 40
Key lime Citrus x aurantifolia (Citrus x aurantilifolia) 20
King bolete (Porcini) Boletus edulis 2
Kiwifruit Actinidia 16
Klamath plum Prunus subcordata 4
Knife-leaf wattle Acacia cultriformis 1
Korean pine Pinus koraiensis 3
Kousa dogwood (Chinese dogwood) Cornus kousa (Benthamidia kousa) 2875
Kudzu Pueraria lobata 2
Kumquat Citrus japonica (Fortunella japonica, Citrus margarita, Fortunella margarita, Citrus obovata, Fortunella obovata) 85
Kurrajong Brachychiton populneus (Brachychiton populneum) 1885
Kusamaki Podocarpus macrophyllus 8
Lacebark pine Pinus bungeana 4
Lacey oak Quercus laceyi (Quercus glaucoides) 136
Lady's mantle Alchemilla 1
Lamb's ear (Woolly hedgenettle) Stachys byzantina (Stachys lanata, Stachys olympica) 1
Large-leaved linden Tilia platyphyllos 362
Lavalle hawthorn Crataegus lavallei 133
Lavender Lavandula 47
Leek Allium ampeloprasum 1
Leftovers 11
Lemon Citrus limon 579
Lemonade tree Citrus limon x reticulata 2
Lemon balm Melissa officinalis 13
Lemongrass Cymbopogon 8
Lemon myrtle Backhousia citriodora 1
Lemon-scented teatree Leptospermum petersonii 4
Lemon verbena (Lemon beebrush) Aloysia citrodora 2
Lettuce Lactuca sativa 4
Lilly pilly Syzygium 62
Limber pine Pinus flexilis 2
Lime Citrus 115
Linden Tilia 971
Lingonberry Vaccinium vitis-idaea 1
Live oak Quercus 845
Lobster mushroom Hypomyces lactifluorum 1
Locust tree 1
Loganberry Rubus × loganobaccus 1
London rocket Sisymbrium irio 1
Longan Dimocarpus longan 6
Loquat Eriobotrya japonica 1190
Lucuma Pouteria lucuma (Lucuma obovata, Pouteria obovata) 1
Lungwort Pulmonaria 1
Lychee Litchi chinensis 3
Macadamia Macadamia 50
Madras thorn (Manila tamarind) Pithecellobium dulce 1
Magenta lilly pilly Syzygium paniculatum (Eugenia paniculata) 221
Mahaleb cherry Prunus mahaleb 1
Mahonia species Mahonia 3
Malabar spinach (Ceylon spinach, Alugbati) Basella alba 1
Mallow Malva 4
Malunggay (Drumstick tree, Horseradish tree) Moringa oleifera (Moringa pterygosperma) 3
Mandarin (Clementine, Tangerine) Citrus reticulata 82
Mandarin-lime (Rangpur, Lemandarin) Citrus x limonia (Citrus limonum, Citrus taitensis) 1
Mangaba (Mangabeira) Hancornia speciosa 1
Manna ash Fraxinus ornus 1062
Manna gum Eucalyptus viminalis 11
Manzanita Arctostaphylos 2
Maple Acer 11
Marigold Calendula 1
Marjoram Origanum majorana (Majorana hortensis, Majorana majorana) 1
Market 98
Market non-edible 5
Mayapple Podophyllum peltatum 4
Mayhaw Crataegus series Aestivales 1
Maypop Passiflora incarnata 13
Meal 11
Medicinal plant 3
Mediterranean hackberry Celtis australis 887
Medlar Mespilus 14
Mesquite Prosopis 15
Mexican blue palm Brahea armata 40
Mexican fan palm Washingtonia robusta 16871
Mexican palmetto Sabal mexicana 35
Mexican palo verde Parkinsonia aculeata 32
Mexican pinyon Pinus cembroides 5
Mexican plum Prunus mexicana 232
Mexican white oak Quercus polymorpha 384
Meyer lemon Citrus x meyeri 95
Midland hawthorn Crataegus laevigata 5563
Milk thistle (Blessed milkthistle) Silybum marianum 3
Milkweed Asclepias 5
Miner's lettuce Claytonia perfoliata 11
Mint Mentha 53
Mirabelle plum Prunus domestica subsp. syriaca 43
Mockernut hickory Carya tomentosa 32
Mombin (Hog plum, Cajá, Golden apple, Spanish plum) Spondias 1
Monkey fruit 1
Monkey puzzle Araucaria araucana 29
Moringa Moringa 1
Moundlily yucca Yucca gloriosa 4
Mount atlas pistache (Qazwan) Pistacia atlantica 18
Mouse garlic Allium angulosum 1
Mugwort Artemisia 3
Mulberry Morus 3357
Mulga acacia (True mulga) Acacia aneura 1788
Mullein (Velvet plant) Verbascum 1
Mung bean (Moong bean) Vigna radiata 1
Muruci (Nance, Golden spoon, Craboo) Byrsonima crassifolia 1
Muscadine Vitis rotundifolia 15
Mushroom 16
Musk lime Citrofortunella mitis 1
Mustang grape Vitis mustangensis 2
Nannyberry Viburnum lentago 5
Nasturtium Tropaeolum 26
Natal plum (Amatungulu) Carissa macrocarpa 10
Nectarine Prunus persica var. nucipersica 35
Needle bush (Sweet acacia) Acacia farnesiana (Vachellia farnesiana) 21
Neem (Nimm) Azadirachta indica 1
Netleaf hackberry Celtis reticulata 19
Nettle Urtica 35
Noni (Indian mulberry) Morinda citrifolia 2
Norfolk island pine Araucaria heterophylla 520
Northern bayberry Myrica pensylvanica 3
Northern california walnut Juglans hindsii 690
Northern catalpa Catalpa speciosa 15
Northern red oak Quercus rubra 108
Nut tree 24
Oak Quercus 38
Old man palm Coccothrinax crinita 1
Olive Olea europaea 4374
Onion Allium 18
Orange Citrus x sinensis 441
Orange daylily (Tawny daylily, Tiger daylily, Tiger lily) Hemerocallis fulva 3
Orchard 58
Oregano Origanum vulgare 13
Oregon crabapple Malus fusca 1
Oregon-grape Mahonia aquifolium 12
Oriental raisin tree Hovenia dulcis 1
Osage-orange Maclura pomifera 11
Ostrich fern (Shuttlecock fern) Matteuccia struthiopteris 3
Overcup oak Quercus lyrata 2
Oyster mushroom Pleurotus 2
Pacay (Ice-cream bean) Inga feuilleei (Inga edulis) 2
Pacific madrone Arbutus menziesii 164
Palmarosa (Indian geranium, Rosha grass) Cymbopogon martinii 1
Palm tree Arecaceae 39
Palymra palm Borassus 4
Pandan (Screw pine) Pandanus 1
Papaya Carica papaya 8
Paper birch Betula papyrifera 77
Paper mulberry Broussonetia papyrifera (Morus papyrifera) 94
Parasol mushroom Macrolepiota procera 4
Passionfruit Passiflora edulis 35
Pawpaw Asimina triloba 60
Peach Prunus persica 1172
Pear Pyrus 6273
Pearl oyster mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus 1
Pecan Carya illinoinensis 3322
Peppermint Mentha piperita 1
Perennial sweet pea (Perennial pea, Everlasting sweet pea, Perennial peavine) Lathyrus latifolius 1
Persian silk tree Albizia julibrissin 27
Persian walnut (English walnut) Juglans regia 459
Persimmon Diospyros 107
Peruvian pepper Schinus molle 2786
Pickerelweed (Pickerel weed) Pontederia 3
Pigeon pea Cajanus cajan 1
Pigface (Ice plant) Carpobrotus 3
Pignut hickory Carya glabra 55
Pillar crabapple Malus tschonoskii 14
Pin cherry Prunus pensylvanica 491
Pine Pinus 20
Pineapple Ananas comosus 3
Pin oak Quercus palustris 2
Pinyon pine Pinus 716
Pistachio Pistacia vera 7
Pitseed goosefoot (Lamb's quarters) Chenopodium berlandieri 3
Plant 2
Plantain Musa 12
Plantain (plant) Plantago 4
Plum Prunus 1723
Plum-pine Podocarpus 5
Pokeweed Phytolacca 6
Pomegranate Punica granatum 230
Pomelo Citrus maxima (Citrus grandis, Citrus grande) 12
Ponderosa pine Pinus ponderosa 2
Post oak Quercus stellata 371
Potato Solanum tuberosum 2
Prairie crabapple Malus ioensis 64
Prairie sumac Rhus lanceolata 46
Prickly lettuce Lactuca serriola 1
Prickly pear Opuntia 57
Public bench 1
Puffball 1
Pumpkin Cucurbita 10
Pumpo (Malabar chestnut, Guiana chestnut, Saba nut) Pachira aquatica 2
Purple deadnettle Lamium purpureum 1
Pygmy date palm Phoenix roebelenii 1
Queen palm Syagrus romanzoffiana 22785
Quince Cydonia oblonga 65
Rabbit 1
Radish Raphanus sativus 1
Rambutan Nephelium lappaceum 1
Ramps (Wild leek) Allium tricoccum 5
Raspberry Rubus 170
Red bay Persea borbonia 3
Red bird of paradise Caesalpinia pulcherrima 3
Redbud Cercis 221
Red cabbage Brassica oleracea var. capitata f. rubra 1
Red clover Trifolium pratense 2
Redcurrant Ribes rubrum 10
Red horse-chestnut Aesculus x carnea (Aesculus x briottii, Aesculus x plantierensis) 1
Red huckleberry Vaccinium parvifolium 5
Red maple Acer rubrum 3
Red mulberry Morus rubra 138
Red osier dogwood Cornus sericea 3
Rhubarb Rheum rhabarbarum 23
River birch (Black birch) Betula nigra 43
Rock samphire Crithmum maritimum 1
Rocky mountain bristlecone pine Pinus aristata 1
Rocky mountain juniper Juniperus scopulorum 57
Rose Rosa 75
Rose apple Syzygium 1
Rose geranium (Sweet-scented geranium, Rose-scented geranium) Pelargonium graveolens (Geranium terebinthinaceum, Pelargonium terebinthinaceum) 2
Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis 449
Rose of sharon Hibiscus syriacus (Hibiscus syriaca) 215
Roughleaf dogwood Cornus drummondii 68
Rowan Sorbus 110
Rugosa rose (Japanese rose, Ramanas rose) Rosa rugosa 5
Russian hawthorn Crataegus ambigua 11
Russian-olive Elaeagnus angustifolia 2265
Rusty blackhaw Viburnum rufidulum 54
Ryegrass Lolium 1
Saffron milk cap (Red pine mushroom) Lactarius deliciosus 5
Sage Salvia 29
Salal Gaultheria shallon 11
Salmonberry Rubus spectabilis 17
Sand cherry Prunus pumila (Prunus besseyi) 4
Sapodilla (Chico) Manilkara zapota 4
Sapote 3
Sargent cherry Prunus sargentii 49
Sargent crabapple Malus sargentii 3
Saskatoon Amelanchier alnifolia 26
Sassafras Sassafras albidum 416
Satureja species (Savory) Satureja 1
Sawtooth oak Quercus acutissima 9
Scarlet firethorn Pyracantha coccinea 1
Scarlet oak Quercus coccinea 9
Scotch bonnet (Fairy ring mushroom) Marasmius oreades 1
Sea beet Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima 6
Sea-buckthorn (Seaberry) Hippophae 6
Seagrape (Baygrape) Coccoloba uvifera 1
Sea hibiscus Hibiscus tiliaceus 1
Sedge Cyperaceae 1
Serviceberry Amelanchier 3104
Shagbark hickory Carya ovata 725
Shaggy mane (Shaggy ink cap) Coprinus comatus 1
Shaggy parasol Chlorophyllum 3
Shellbark hickory Carya laciniosa 6
Shepherd's purse Capsella bursa-pastoris 3
Shoestring acacia Acacia stenophylla 6
Shumard oak Quercus shumardii 195
Siberian crabapple Malus baccata 166
Siberian elm Ulmus pumila 2
Siberian peashrub Caragana arborescens 2
Silk floss tree Ceiba speciosa 2
Silk tree Albizia 40
Silverberry (Oleaster) Elaeagnus 3
Silver birch (European white birch) Betula pendula 42
Silver dollar gum Eucalyptus polyanthemos 1
Silverleafed princess flower (Quaresmeira) Tibouchina heteromalla 1
Silver linden Tilia tomentosa 5
Silver maple Acer saccharinum 1498
Silver wormwood (White sagebrush, Western mugwort, Estafiate) Artemisia ludoviciana (Artemisia palmeri, Artemisia purshiana) 1
Single-leaf pinyon Pinus monophylla 1
Slippery jack Suillus luteus 4
Smallflower bird's-foot trefoil Lotus parviflorus (Lotus hispidus) 1
Small-fruited cherry Prunus microcarpa 1
Small-leaved linden Tilia cordata 67810
Smooth sumac Rhus glabra 56
Soapberry Sapindus 2
Sour cherry Prunus cerasus 262
Soursop Annona muricata 1
Sourwood (Sorrel tree) Oxydendrum arboreum 2
Southern bayberry Myrica cerifera 48
Southern california walnut Juglans californica 16
Southern catalpa Catalpa bignonioides 9
Southern live oak Quercus virginiana 1833
Southern magnolia Magnolia grandiflora 50
Southern red oak Quercus falcata 1
Spaghetti squash Cucurbita pepo 1
Spearmint Mentha spicata 10
Spicebush Lindera 3
Spike-cap Gomphidius 1
Spinach Spinacia oleracea 1
Spineless yucca Yucca gigantea (Yucca guatemalensis, Yucca elephantipes) 28
Spring beauty Claytonia 1
Squash Cucurbita 4
Staghorn sumac Rhus typhina ( Rhus hirta) 164
Star apple Chrysophyllum cainito (Achras cainito) 1
Starfruit (Carambola) Averrhoa carambola 7
Sterculia species Sterculia 1
Sticky currant Ribes viscosissimum 1
Stinging nettle Urtica dioica 20
St John's wort Hypericum perforatum 3
Stone fruit Prunus 7229
Stone pine Pinus pinea 595
Straw 1
Strawberry Fragaria 55
Strawberry guava (Cattley guava, Cherry guava) Psidium cattleianum (Psidium littorale) 10
Strawberry tree (Japanese strawberry tree) Arbutus unedo 1761
Sugarberry Celtis laevigata 1447
Sugar maple Acer saccharum 55947
Sugar sumac Rhus ovata 1
Sumac Rhus 59
Summer savory Satureja hortensis 1
Sunflower Helianthus annuus 11
Surinam cherry (Cayenne cherry, Pitanga, Brazilian Cherry) Eugenia uniflora 13
Swamp white oak Quercus bicolor 8131
Swedish whitebeam Sorbus intermedia 4
Sweet cherry (Wild cherry) Prunus avium 1580
Sweet chestnut (European chestnut) Castanea sativa 114
Sweet crabapple Malus coronaria 3
Sweetgum Liquidambar 260
Sweet lime (Sweet limetta) Citrus limetta 2
Sweet osmanthus Osmanthus fragrans 1
Sweet pea Lathyrus odoratus 5
Sweet potato Ipomoea batatas 2
Sweet violet (Wood violet) Viola odorata 1
Swiss pine Pinus cembra 50
Sydney golden wattle Acacia longifolia (Acacia sophorae) 219
Table 3
Talipot palm Corypha umbraculifera 1
Tamarillo Solanum betaceum (Cyphomandra betacea) 3
Tamarind Tamarindus indica 19
Tea crabapple Malus hupehensis 3
Teatree Leptospermum scoparium 213
Tejocote (Mexican hawthorn) Crataegus mexicana 1
Texas kidneywood Eysenhardtia texana 32
Texas live oak Quercus fusiformis 2320
Texas madrone Arbutus xalapensis 67
Texas persimmon Diospyros texana 51
Texas pistache Pistacia mexicana (Pistacia texana) 5
Texas red oak Quercus buckleyi 481
Texas walnut Juglans microcarpa 10
The prince Agaricus augustus 1
Thimbleberry Rubus parviflorus 20
Three-cornered leek Allium triquetrum 7
Thyme Thymus 18
Tomato Solanum lycopersicum 43
Toothwort Lathraea 1
Torrey pine Pinus torreyana 457
Toyon Heteromeles arbutifolia 1
Tree onion Allium x proliferum 2
Tree swing 1
Triangle orache (Spear-leaved orache) Atriplex prostrata 1
Trifoliate orange (Hardy orange) Poncirus trifoliata (Citrus trifoliata) 2
True service tree Sorbus domestica 2
Turkey oak Quercus cerris 1
Turkish hazel Corylus colurna 4144
U-pick 2
Urban farm 5
Vegetable 15
Violet Viola 5
Vitex Vitex 3
Wallpepper (Goldmoss stonecrop) Sedum acre 1
Walnut Juglans 1311
Washington hawthorn Crataegus phaenopyrum 60
Watercress Nasturtium officinale 10
Watermelon Citrullus lanatus 1
Water mint Mentha aquatica (Mentha hirsuta) 1
Water oak Quercus nigra 2
Water pepper (Marshpepper knotweed) Persicaria hydropiper (Polygonum hydropiper) 1
Water spring 7
Water well 11
Wattle Acacia 122
Wax apple (Java apple, Rose apple) Syzygium samarangense (Eugenia javanica) 1
Western redbud Cercis occidentalis 256
Western soapberry Sapindus saponaria (Sapindus drummondii) 8
White chanterelle Cantharellus subalbidus 1
White clover Trifolium repens 2
Whitecurrant Ribes rubrum 2
White deadnettle Lamium album 3
White goosefoot (Lamb's quarters) Chenopodium album 2
White horehound (Common horehound) Marrubium vulgare 1
Whiteleaf manzanita Arctostaphylos manzanita 1
White mulberry Morus alba 6358
White mustard Sinapis alba (Brassica alba, Brassica hirta) 3
White oak Quercus alba 5235
White pine Pinus 622
White sage (Sacred sage, Bee sage) Salvia apiana 2
White sapote Casimiroa edulis 3
Whortleberry Vaccinium 2
Wild carrot (Queen Anne's lace) Daucus carota 7
Wild garlic (Ramsons, Buckrams, Wood garlic, Bear garlic) Allium ursinum 18
Wild goose plum (Potawatomi) Prunus rivularis (Prunus munsoniana) 2
Wild rocket (Perennial wall-rocket) Diplotaxis tenuifolia 3
Wild thyme Thymus serpyllum 1
Willow oak Quercus phellos 5
Wine raspberry (Japanese wineberry) Rubus phoenicolasius 8
Witch-hazel Hamamelis 3
Wood sorrel Oxalis 7
Yam Dioscorea 2
Yaupon holly Ilex vomitoria 414
Yellow buckeye Aesculus flava (Aesculus octandra) 84
Yellow chanterelle (Golden chanterelle) Cantharellus cibarius 1
Yellowhorn Xanthoceras sorbifolium 1
Yew plum-pine Podocarpus macrophyllus 40
Yucca Yucca 2
Zucchini (Courgette) Cucurbita pepo 4
1252